Diving the North Coast of Milne Bay… I am often asked why I like Papua New Guinea so much. And the honest answer is, as they say in the movies, it’s complicated!
First of all, for me PNG is a wild and adventurous place. And as an Australian I often describe it as “our Africa…” In that it has such amazing topographic and cultural difference to Australia.
Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and near the epicenter of the Coral Triangle bless it with incredible biodiversity both above and below the water.
It has a very special and almost unique tribal system, that is both the social glue that holds the county together. And yet is one of the main impediments for it to achieve its full potential.
It is our closest neighbor, just 6km away at the closest point. But is so completely different to our great brown land down-under.
It is also a very complex place. And, if the truth is known, as the former colonial master Australia failed badly when it rushed through full independence in 1975. The country was woefully unprepared and overlaying a new democracy on top of a highly evolved tribal system. And expecting it to work was not a good move!
The result is the long drawn out saga of Papua New Guinea… Doing business there is not easy and one long-term Port Moresby based expat described it to me. It is as a bit like a gold field, surrounded by an oil field but ring-fenced with a mine field!
Diving the North Coast of Milne Bay – A Personal Journey…
My personal journey to PNG started a long time ago. And I can still remember the catalytic moment in late April 1988.
I was living with my young family on the island of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. And working in the oil and gas industry.
Every month my issue of National Geographic magazine would appear in our post office box. And I would devour it from cover to cover – filling my head with exotic locations for the future.
But the April issue was really something special. As the front cover had a stunning image of an underwater WWII aircraft wreck. Which was part of an article by renowned author Peter Benchley (of Jaws fame). With the images from the extremely accomplished underwater photographer David Doubilet.
It was called Ghosts of War in the South Pacific. And in it they documented their travels around Milne Bay & New Britain. Diving the wrecks of WWII on board Ron & Valerie Taylor’s liveaboard the Reef Explorer.
Doubilet’s images were superb. The wrecks seemed to jump out of the page at you… And the scenic shots of huge sea fans were unlike anything I had ever seen before!
Where is Papua New Guinea?
I had no idea where Papua New Guinea actually was… But soon discovered it was Australia’s closest neighbor. Which helped convince me that if I really did want to follow my dreams, and dive some of the best locations in the world, it was time to pack my bags and head south!
It would be another 10 years before I actually went to PNG. Some minor logistics issues (migration, changing careers, building a house, kid’s education) kind of got in the way a bit…
But when I did, I headed for Milne Bay. Because I wanted to see for myself what David Doubliett had photographed so well! That was just over 20 years ago and I will be returning to PNG soon for my 24th trip and will be back in Milne Bay!
Where is Milne Bay?
Just to confuse everyone, there are actually two Milne Bay’s. There is the large bay on the south-eastern tip of New Guinea (PNG’s main island). Which is centered around the provincial capital of Alotau. And then there is the much larger province of the same name.
Milne Bay Province stretches out over a huge area that is roughly the size of the United Kingdom. But only about 5% is dry land, with the rest is taken up by the waters surrounding the 600 islands of the province.
The province itself abounds with natural resources both above and below the water. And Conservation International classified the marine biodiversity of the area as “exceptionally rich” – with nearly 430 species of corals, 950 species of mollusks and over 1100 species of fish!
In reality, only a tiny fraction of the underwater world of Milne Bay Province has even been explored. And the main diving locations are concentrated around the north coast of Milne Bay itself and down in the south around the China Strait.
Both areas offer exceptional experiences. But I have to admit that I am emotionally attached to the north coast…
Diving the North Coast of Milne Bay – Sites
The northern dive sites are concentrated into two main areas. The coastal ones along the Solomon Sea side of the north coast. And those on the East Cape and around Nuakata Island.
Both areas are nourished by the complex and seasonal monsoonal currents that run up and down the north coast on New Guinea island.
There are a total of 24 sites in the overall area with 9 coastal ones. Another 3 on the East Cape and the rest are mainly seamounts in and around Nuakata Islands. All have their specific features and attractions that cannot really be covered in a short article like this.
So, I am going to describe a few of what I consider to be the very best and my personal favorites. Starting with where David Doubliett took his shot of the sea fan for that 1988 National Geographic article – Deacon’s Reef.
Named after the well-known Sydney based underwater photographer and dive shop owner Kevin Deacon (who also helped me a lot in my early days…) Deacon’s Reef is, in my opinion, possibly one of the very best sites in all of PNG!
It is very much a wide-angle type of dive and on a bad day it is good… But on a good day it is simply spectacular!
It is located on a headland near the small village of Lauadi. And those nutrient-dense coastal currents have created an incredibly rich array of beautiful hard corals, sponges and sea fans.
And, because it is a relatively shallow dive, it is bathed in light. So it’s a delight to photograph! Plus, the nearby deep waters mean that there is a good chance of seeing cruising hammerheads, whale sharks & oceanic mantas out in the blue.
My goal whenever I dive at Deacon’s Reef is always the same – try and take images as good as Doubliett’s… But, like life itself, underwater photography is a journey not a destination and I will be trying again soon!
But wait, there’s more… For just inside the bay formed by the headland where Deacon’s Reef is located is the birthplace of muck diving!
“Dinah” is Dinah Halstead, the first wife of the legendary Bob Halstead. Together Bob and Dinah basically established liveaboard diving in Milne Bay and put the place on the international dive travelers map.
Just off the beach in front of Lauadi is where Bob managed to convince passengers to forego the delights of nearby Deacon’s.
And instead switch to a macro lens and check out the black sand and assorted flotsam and jetsam for critters.
It was quite a hard sell at first, but from those humble beginnings we now have a whole new world to explore.
Because Dinah was from Lauadi, it is very appropriate that the site is named after her!
Another firm favorite of mine is this site. Which is located on a similar headland to Deacon’s and also swept by those rich coastal currents.
The defining feature of Wahoo Point are the huge elephant ear sponges. They are incredibly photogenic and the likes of which I have not seen anywhere else on all of my travels!
There are a lot of other nice things to see at Wahoo, if you can tear yourself away from the elephant ear sponges…
Like many of the coastal reefs on the north coast, Wahoo is a site where there is a good chance to see the “big dogs” of the sea.
And there are regular sightings of mobula & manta rays, hammerhead & tiger sharks, minke whales & whale sharks.
Personally though I find the huge elephant ears sponges quite captivating…
And so I usually end up spending most of the dive trying out different angles to photograph them.
Wahoo Point is best dived in the morning, when the sun is behind you. It makes photographing the sponges and all the other interesting stuff much easier.
How to dive the North Coast?
Probably the very best way to dive the north coast sites is from Tawali Dive Resort. Which is located on a very scenic limestone headland on the Solomon Sea side of the peninsular that forms the north coast of Milne Bay.
Tawali’s physical location means that, depending on the weather, all the 24 coastal, East Cape and Nuakata Island sites are accessible by day-boats with a journey of between 10 and 60 minutes.
The day boats leave at 08.00 every morning with most guests opting to do three dives with an excellent packed lunch provided on-board. Typically returning to the resort mid- afternoon in time for either a night dive on the house reef and jetty or a sundowner on the excellent observation deck at the main lodge….
The north coast is also serviced periodically by both MV Chertan and MV Oceania. Chertan is based from Alotau and is captained by Rob van der Loos who literally knows Milne Bay better than anybody, having spent over 30 years diving every nook and cranny!,
Oceania is based from Kimbe Bay in New Britain. But relocates every year to Milne Bay as part of skipper Dan Johnson’s plan to open up the very best diving in PNG.
Diving the North Coast of Milne Bay – DiveLog Article
This article was also published in the monthly on-line Australian diving magazine DiveLog. And if you would like a PDF copy of that, please use the following link to download Diving the North Coast of Milne Bay article.